Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health
Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health


What is atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis commonly affects these body parts

General symptoms of atherosclerosis

Risk factors for atherosclerosis

Causes of atherosclerosis

Evidence against the diet-heart hypothesis

Prevention / remedies / treatment for atherosclerosis


What is atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is a disease of the arterial wall that narrows the artery. Raised patches or lesions called atherosclerotic plaques develop on the inner lining (endothelium) of the arterial wall. The plaques form like ulcers, and are made up of proteins (collagen, fibrin), dense cholesterol, oxidised fats, calcium phosphate and bacterial biofilm. They tend not to heal, alongside chronic, ongoing inflammation. In the worst cases these atherosclerotic plaques can completely constrict the artery, or can break away and block it.

Cross section of an artery partially blocked by atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis impairs blood flow through the arteries. The reduced blood flow can affect those parts of the body that depend on the affected arteries.

A century ago atherosclerosis used to be a problem affecting only the elderly, but today it can be found in some children entering their teens, and in the majority of middle-aged men and women.

Atherosclerosis commonly affects these body parts

The cardiovascular system. Atherosclerosis in the (coronary) arteries feeding the heart can cause angina, arrhythmia and heart attack (myocardial infarction). This is commonly referred to as coronary heart disease.

The brain. Constriction of the arteries feeding the brain can cause a stroke. Other symptoms include poor memory, neurological and cognitive problems.

The pelvis, arms and legs. Blockage of these peripheral arteries can cause cold hands and feet, numbness, painful muscles, ulcers and gangrene.

The intestines. Blockage of the arteries around the digestive tract can cause a variety of diseases, such as irritable bowel, abdominal pains, and even gangrene in the intestines.

The kidneys. Atherosclerosis in the arteries feeding the kidneys can cause high blood pressure, and kidney disease or failure. Changes in how you urinate (more often or less often), loss of appetite, nausea, swelling in the hands or feet, itching.

General symptoms of atherosclerosis

It is possible to suffer from atherosclerosis for years without showing any symptoms.

Risk factors for atherosclerosis

Causes of atherosclerosis

Conventional doctors and their medical associations maintain that the cause of atherosclerosis is not clear. Most of the research in the area is sponsored by the pharmaceutical and processed food industries, which stand to lose a lot of money if the current (flawed) explanation is exposed for what it is.

The current conventional and fatally-flawed advice is to avoid fats, especially saturated fats, and especially cholesterol. There is a mass of high quality scientific research which is NOT sponsored by the fast food and pharmaceutical industries, that shows that this low-saturated fat low-cholesterol diet is exactly the opposite of what is needed to prevent and heal atherosclerosis. (12, 14)

  1. Vitamin D and vitamin K2 deficiency. Vitamin K2 assists the body in putting calcium in bones and preventing it accumulating elsewhere, such as arterial plaque. Vitamins D and K2 assist in preventing osteoporosis. Vitamin K2 is produced by bacteria in a healthy gut biome, and the best food sources are:
    high quality artisan hard cheeses made from raw milk, which contain a live bacterial culture and are not pasteurised,
    butter from grass-fed cows,
    meat from grass-fed animals,
    raw sauerkraut.
  2. A variety of spirochaete type bacteria and co-infected biofilms.
  3. Gum diseases, dental plaque / tartar / calculus. Poor dental hygiene, often initiated by vitamin C deficiency. (16, 17, 18, 19, 20)
  4. Toxins. Accumulation of a variety of toxins in the body. Foods are the most common and major source of toxins, usually accompanied by a variety of digestive problems. The main food source of toxins that produces atherosclerosis is plant lectins. Lectins are most concentrated in the skins and seeds of nightshades (like tomatoes, peppers and eggplants). However, there are also high levels in legumes, pulses, seeds and grains.

    A range of estrogen-like hormones and chemicals (xenoestrogens) in the environment cause a numerous hormonal problems.

    Many other toxic pollutants are found in our homes, everyday environment, personal care products and water.
  5. Calcium deposits, nanobacteria.
  6. Omega-3 deficiency alongside excess Omega-6 polyunsaturated oils.
  7. Vitamin E deficiency.
  8. Copper deficiency and zinc to copper imbalance.
  9. Inflammation is also a symptom of the assault by the above causes. (12, 17, 21, 22)

Evidence against the diet-heart hypothesis

The retired professor of medicine and biochemistry at Vanderbilt University has described the diet-heart hypothesis as "the greatest scientific deception of our times". Discussing scientists whose deliberately deceptive research promotes the diet-heart hypothesis, he says "Fearing to lose their soft money funding, the academicians who should speak up and stop this wasteful anti-science are strangely quiet. Their silence has delayed a solution for coronary heart disease by a generation. (1, 2)

In 1991 a review (3) of more than 3000 references supporting the diet-heart campaign concluded that it was "based on fabrications, erroneous interpretations, and very importantly, the ignoring of massive amounts of unsupportive data." Further, "It does not seem possible that objective scientists without vested interests could ever interpret the literature as supportive... It is depressing to know that billions of dollars and a highly sophisticated medical research system are being wasted chasing windmills."

Another extensive review of all the available scientific literature was conducted and published as a book in 2000. (4) The conclusion? "Masses of valid scientific evidence should have destroyed the diet-heart idea by now... scientists who support the diet-heart idea and who are honest must be ignorant..."

Dr Natasha Campbell-McBride (5) has written a convincing book explaining why the diet-heart campaign is so enduring, and referencing hundreds of scientific papers showing that cholesterol is not a villain but is essential for our good health; that statins and other cholesterol-lowering drugs are extremely harmful; and that low-fat diets and the avoidance of saturated fats are the opposite of what we need for good health. (12, 13, 14)

Campbell-McBride refers to many studies that show that consuming animal fats protects against atherosclerosis and heart disease (and many other diseases). These studies show that eating vegetable oils (canola, corn, soy, cottonseed, peanut, rapeseed, sunflower) and margarine is strongly associated with heart disease (10, 11) - exactly the opposite of what the diet-heart campaign promotes. Many studies show that old people with high levels of cholesterol live longer than those with low cholesterol. (4) Reducing their cholesterol shortens their lives and causes a variety of diseases.

Prevention / remedies / treatment for atherosclerosis


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2. Mann George V., Shaffer R. D., Rich A. Physical fitness and immunity to heart disease in Masai. The Lancet 2, 1308-1310, 1965.

3. Smith Russell L. Diet, blood cholesterol and coronary heart disease: a critical review of the literature. Vector Enterprises, Vol 1 1989, vol 2 1991.

4. Ravnskov Uffe. The Cholesterol Myths. Exposing the Fallacy that Saturated Fat and Cholesterol Cause Heart Disease. New Trends Publishing, 2000.

5. Natasha Campbell-McBride. Put Your Heart in Your Mouth. Medinform Publishing, 2007.

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11. West CE, Redgrave TG. Reservations on the use of polyunsaturated fats in human nutrition. Search 5, 90-96, 1974.

12. Aseem Malhotra, Rita F Redberg, Pascal Meier. Saturated fat does not clog the arteries: coronary heart disease is a chronic inflammatory condition, the risk of which can be effectively reduced from healthy lifestyle interventions. Br J Sports Med Published Online First: 25 April 2017. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-097285.

13. Rafel Ramos, Marc Comas-Cufi, Ruth Marti-Lluch, Elisabeth Ballo, Anna Ponjoan, Lia Alves-Cabratosa, Jordi Blanch, Jaume Marrugat, Roberto Elosua, Maria Grau, Marc Elosua-Bayes, Luis Garcia-Ortiz, Maria Garcia-Gil. Statins for primary prevention of cardiovascular events and mortality in old and very old adults with and without type 2 diabetes: retrospective cohort study. BMJ 2018;362:k3359. Published 5 September 2018.

14. Marinka Steur, Laura Johnson, Stephen J. Sharp, Fumiaki Imamura, Ivonne Sluijs, Timothy J. Key, Angela Wood, Rajiv Chowdhury, Marcela Guevara, Marianne U. Jakobsen et al. Dietary Fatty Acids, Macronutrient Substitutions, Food Sources and Incidence of Coronary Heart Disease: Findings From the EPIC-CVD Case-Cohort Study Across Nine European Countries. 19 November 2021. Journal of the American Heart Association. 2021;0:e019814.

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17. Zhou X, Li J, Guo J, et al. Gut-dependent microbial translocation induces inflammation and cardiovascular events after ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Microbiome 6, 66 (2018).

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