Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health
Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health

Osteoporosis / Osteopenia

What is osteoporosis?

Causes and risk factors for osteoporosis

Prevention and treatment of osteoporosis


What are Osteoporosis and osteopenia?

Osteopenia is a condition where bone mineral density is lower than normal, and is a warning that you are at risk of osteoporosis. It is defined as a bone mineral density T-score between -1.0 and -2.5.

Osteoporosis is not a problem in primitive and traditional cultures, where people live on a traditional diet and get sufficient exercise. However, in modern Western cultures 33% of women over the age of 50 years, and 10% of men over 50 suffer from the effects of osteoporosis. (1)

Elderly people with osteoporosis who fracture a hip often have a life expectancy of less than a year. This situation is preventable, osteoporosis is not inevitable with ageing.

Standard / conventional medical treatments and drug prescriptions have not proved successful in preventing or treating osteopenia or osteoporosis.

Bone is composed of many minerals including calcium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, sulphur, zinc, manganese, silicon, phosphorus, copper, strontium and boron. Bone is used as a mineral bank, and the body will draw on a particular mineral if there is a shortage. Boron and vitamin D help other minerals to incorporate into the bone matrix. The importance of alkaline minerals is explained in alkaline-forming diet

Causes and risk factors for osteopenia

Prevention and treatment of osteopenia


1. Riggs BL, Melton LJ 3rd. The worldwide problem of osteoporosis: insights afforded by epidemiology. Bone. 1995 Nov;17(5 Suppl):505S-511S.

2. Jia-Guo Zhao, Xian-Tie Zeng, Jia Wang, Lin Liu. Association Between Calcium or Vitamin D Supplementation and Fracture Incidence in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA; 318(24):2466-2482. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19344. 26 December 2017.