Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health
Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health

Heart attack

What is a heart attack?

Symptoms of a heart attack

Risk factors for a heart attack

Prevention / remedies / treatment for heart attack

References

What is a heart attack?

Heart attack (myocardial infarction) is the interruption of blood supply to part of the heart, causing heart cells to die. Usually it is caused by the blockage of a coronary artery following the rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque in the wall of an artery. The resulting restriction in blood supply and shortage of oxygen damages or destroys heart muscle tissue.

A heart attack is different from but can cause:

Heart disease was the leading cause of death for both men and women worldwide in 2004. (2)

A heart attack is a life-threatening medical emergency. The immediate action to take is to get urgent medical help.

Symptoms of a heart attack

Approximately one quarter of all heart attacks are silent, without chest pain or other symptoms. (1)

Risk factors for a heart attack

Prevention / remedies / treatment for heart attack

References

1. Valensi P, Lorgis L, Cottin Y. Prevalence, incidence, predictive factors and prognosis of silent myocardial infarction: a review of the literature. Arch Cardiovasc Dis 104 (3): 178-88. PMID 21497307.

2. World Health Organization (2008). The Global Burden of Disease: 2004 Update. Geneva: World Health Organization. ISBN 92-4-156371-0.

3. Superko HR, Nejedly M, Garrett B. Small LDL and its clinical importance as a new CAD risk factor: a female case study. Progress in Cardiovascular Nursing 17 (4): 167-73. PMID 12417832.

4. Warnick GR, Knopp RH, Fitzpatrick V, Branson L. Estimating low-density lipoprotein cholesterol by the Friedewald equation is adequate for classifying patients on the basis of nationally recommended cutpoints. January 1990, Clinical Chemistry 36 (1): 15-9. PMID 2297909.

5. Natasha Campbell-McBride. Put your heart in your mouth. Medinform Publishing, 2007.

6. Paul Jaminet & Shou-Ching Jaminet. Perfect Health Diet. Four Steps to Renewed Health, Youthful Vitality, and Long Life. P YinYang Press, 2010.

7. Soudijn W, van Wijngaarden I, Ijzerman AP. Nicotinic acid receptor subtypes and their ligands. May 2007, Medicinal Research Reviews 27 (3): 417-33. PMID 17238156.

8. Rafel Ramos, Marc Comas-Cufi, Ruth Marti-Lluch, Elisabeth Ballo, Anna Ponjoan, Lia Alves-Cabratosa, Jordi Blanch, Jaume Marrugat, Roberto Elosua, Maria Grau, Marc Elosua-Bayes, Luis Garcia-Ortiz, Maria Garcia-Gil. Statins for primary prevention of cardiovascular events and mortality in old and very old adults with and without type 2 diabetes: retrospective cohort study. BMJ 2018;362:k3359. Published 5 September 2018.