Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health
Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health

Haemorrhoids / piles

What are haemorrhoids?

Symptoms of haemorrhoids

Causes of haemorrhoids, triggers

Prevention / remedies / cures / treatment for haemorrhoids

What are haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids (also known as hemorrhoids, emerods or piles) are swollen or inflamed veins in the rectum and anus. When healthy, these veins act as a cushion around the rectum and anus that aid the passage of stool. Haemorrhoids are a bit like varicose veins in the anus, whereas anal fissures are from tearing and over-stretching the skin.

In the USA and most Westernised countries, about 5% of the population suffer from piles. The condition is more common in overweight people. By the age of 50, the majority of people have been affected by haemorrhoids at some time in their life. About 10-20% of cases have serious haemorrhage (bleeding) and require medical intervention or surgery.

External haemorrhoids occur below the dentate line. Often you can see them, though sometimes they are inside the anus. They are often painful, and may cause swelling, irritation or iching from skin irritation. External haemorrhoids are prone to thrombosis if a vein ruptures or a blood clot develops.

Internal haemorrhoids occur above the dentate line. This area lacks pain receptors, so internal haemorrhoids are not usually painful and most people are not aware that they have them. However, they may bleed when irritated. If they are not treated, they can develop into two severe forms of haemorrhoids: prolapsed and strangulated haemorrhoids. Prolapsed haemorrhoids become so distended that they are pushed outside the anus. Strangulated haemorrhoids occur when the blood supply to the haemorrhoid is cut off, usually when the anal sphincter muscle goes into spasm and traps a prolapsed haemorrhoid outside the anal opening.

Symptoms of haemorrhoids

Causes of haemorrhoids, triggers

Prevention / remedies / cures / treatment for haemorrhoids

Smaller haemorrhoids often disappear once constipation is relieved. In more serious cases the piles will subside with time provided bowel movements are normal. The veins can remain weak for months or years but will eventually heal and strengthen.

Medical and surgical procedures