Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health
Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health

Anal fissure

What is an anal fissure?

Symptoms of anal fissure

Causes of anal fissure

Complications that stop healing

Treatment / remedies for anal fissure

What is an anal fissure?

An anal fissure is a crack or tear in the skin of the anal canal. The fissure can be visible on the outside of the anus, or sometimes down as deep as the anal sphincter muscle. They can vary from a small cut that is quite hard to see, to chronic, deep, non-healing fissures.

Anal fissures are usually caused by tearing and over-stretching the skin, whereas haemorrhoids (piles) are swollen or inflamed veins in the rectum and anus, more like a varicose veins in the anus.

Anal fissures usually heal within a couple of weeks.

Symptoms of anal fissure

Causes of anal fissure

Complications that stop healing

Anal fissures usually heal within a couple of weeks, but sometimes the factors below may prevent healing. In this case, doctors may suggest surgery or muscle relaxation injections such as botox. Surgery always comes with risks, including anal leakage (faecal incontinence). Nearly half of all surgery patients suffer mild incontinence in the immediate surgical recovery period, though it often resolves.

Treatment / remedies for anal fissure