Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health
Grow Youthful: How to Slow Your Aging and Enjoy Extraordinary Health

Ligament and tendon injuries

What are ligaments and tendons?

Treatment of ligament and tendon injuries

What are ligaments and tendons?

A tendon (sinew) is a very strong, slightly elastic band of dense fibrous connective tissue that connects a muscle to bone. It is able to efficiently transmit the mechanical forces of muscle contraction to the skeletal system without sacrificing its ability to withstand significant amounts of tension.

Ligaments are similar to tendons, except they connect bones to bones, rather than muscles to bones.

Tendons and ligaments are made mostly from the protein collagen. The highest concentrations of minerals in them are manganese, copper and calcium.

One of the most common tendon injuries is of the rotator cuff, in the shoulder.

Muscles have a good blood supply, with their high need for glucose energy and oxygen. In contrast, ligaments and tendons are poorly supplied with blood vessels. They are likely to suffer from deficient oxygen levels (hypoxia) and low nutrients when injured, so they tend to heal slowly and produce a lot of scar tissue as they heal. A torn ligament or tendon tends to be weaker and less flexible even after fully healing, and there may be a tendency towards arthritis.

Treatment of ligament and tendon injuries